Premiere, Premium, Premier, Prime
These four words are used very often, but I will never understand their differences. In my often mistaken views, they are the same–meaning something good–but they are used in different occasions.
premiere: the first performance of a musical or theatrical work or the first showing of a movie. The debut of a movie of a show is called the premiere, which is never used on anything else. At least that’s what I know.
premium: 1. an amount to be paid for an insurance policy. 2. a sum added to an ordinary price or charge. For example, “customers are reluctant to pay a premium for organic fruit”. This word is being heard very often, but I think it just means it is better than the regular one. For example, a can of “premium beer” is better than a can of regular beer; a “premium outlet” mall is better than a regular mall, which I have some doubts; something with a “premium quality” is better than others, for example when filling up the gas, the premium is usually better than the regular; a “premium hotel room” is a better room.
premier: first in importance, order, or position; leading. It is also a name for prime minister. I heard it being used on “premier league”, which is a European version of the “major league” in America. That’s my understanding. There are also phrases like “premier qualifying point”, “premier room”, which are probably indicating their better quality than others.
prime: 1. of first importance; main. 2. of the best possible quality; excellent. “prime cuts of meat.” I’ve heard phrases like prime rib, prime time, prime real estate, prime number, prime suspect, prime minister, which all mean “better” or “best”.
Prim, Prime, Primer
prim: stiffly formal and respectable; feeling or showing disapproval of anything regarded as improper. “a very prim and proper lady”
prime: 1. of first importance; main. 2. of the best possible quality; excellent. “prime cuts of meat”
primer: a substance used as a preparatory coat on previously unpainted wood, metal, or canvas, especially to prevent the absorption of subsequent layers of paint or the development of rust. “apply three coats of primer”
Primal, Primodial, Primeval
primal: 1. relating to an early stage in evolutionary development; primeval. “primal hunting societies” 2. essential 3. relating to or denoting the needs, fears, or behavior that are postulated (especially in Freudian theory) to form the origins of emotional life.
primodial: existing at or from the beginning of time; primeval.
primeval: of or resembling the earliest ages in the history of the world.
Primitive, Primate, Primary, Primacy
primitive: relating to, denoting, or preserving the character of an early stage in the evolutionary or historical development of something. “primitive mammals”
primate: a mammal of an order that includes the lemurs, bushbabies, tarsiers, marmosets, monkeys, apes, and humans.
primary: of chief importance; principal. 2. earliest in time or order.
Primo, Primogeniture, Promo,
primo: 1. (music) the leading or upper part in a duet. 2. (North America) of top quality or importance. “the primo team in the land”
primogeniture: the right of succession belonging to the firstborn child, especially the feudal rule by which the whole real estate of an intestate passed to the eldest son.
promo: a piece of publicity or advertising, especially in the form of a short film or video. “a promo video”
preempt: take action in order to prevent (an anticipated event) from happening; forestall. “the second session will focus on policies to pre-empt problems”
preen: (of a bird) straighten and clean its feathers with its beak. “robins preened at the pool’s edge” 2. (of a person) devote effort to making oneself look attractive and then admire one’s appearance. “adolescents preening in their bedroom mirrors”