New Word #119
roast: cook (food, especially meat) by prolonged exposure to heat in an oven or over a fire. However this word has extended to mean to criticize or reprimand severely. And then the word has stretched its meaning again mainly in the U.S. to mean a banquet at which the guest of honor is subjected to good-natured ridicule.
grill: It means cook (something) using a grill, which is a frame or screen of metal bars or wires to be put on top of a fire. It also means to subject (someone) to intense questioning or interrogation.
boil down to something: to have something as a main or basic part.
brimming: Brim means the edge or rim of a container or a hat. However when it is a verb, it means to fill up with something. This word is very suitable for non-native speakers like us who want to sound like we are more familiar with the language than we really are. So instead of using the word “filled”, we can use “brimming”. For example, she felt her eyes brimming with tears.
cook the book: alter facts or figures dishonestly or illegally.
spill the beans: reveal secret information unintentionally or indiscreetly.
count the beans: make financial decisions (unwisely or only considering the bottom line).
immersion: Originally it means food being soaked in a sauce or any kind of liquid. Then it extends the meaning to a method of teaching a foreign language by the exclusive use of that language, usually at a special school.
in a pickle: stuck in a difficult situation.
melting pot: A melting pot means a pot with different food and ingredients mixed together. Then it is used to refer to New York City where a variety of peoples, cultures, or individuals assimilate into a cohesive whole. I am not sure how cohesive NYC is, but I am often surprised how much people love it despite its astronomical rent, perpetually congested streets, gun violence, homeless problem, ridiculous public school system…
out of the frying pan into the fire: from a bad situation to one that is worse. Actually this word can often be used to describe people who survive one narcissistic relationship, only to be thrown into another relationship that’s even worse. Many children of narcissistic parents grow up to have terrible time with relationship issues–they often end up living alternately between a frying pan and a fire.
cry over spilled milk: to express regret about something that has already happened or cannot be changed
seethe: (of a liquid) bubble up as a result of being boiled. However this word is more often used to express a person being angry or a society being unstable…
churn: It means to agitate or turn (milk or cream) in a machine in order to produce butter. However this word extends its meaning to financial industry where brokerages may churn clients’ investment portfolios not to benefit their clients but to generate commission for themselves.
mash up: The phrase means to crush food or another substance into a soft mass. However it extends its meaning to mix up two different things.
mixer: It is a blender to mix food. It also means (in North America) a social gathering where people can make new acquaintances.
phishing: It sounds like fishing but it is not really fishing. Phishing means the fraudulent practice of sending emails purporting to be from reputable companies in order to induce individuals to reveal personal information, such as passwords and credit card numbers.
mageirocophobia: fear of cooking