oximeter: an instrument for measuring the proportion of oxygenated hemoglobin in the blood.
zoonotic: pertaining to a zoonosis, which means a disease that can be transmitted from animals to people or, more specifically, a disease that normally exists in animals but that can infect humans.
endemic and epidemic and pandemic: Endemic means the baseline, or expected, level of the disease in the community—meaning it always exists. Epidemic refers to a sudden increase in the number of cases of a disease. Event in which a disease spreads across several countries and affects a large number of people.
asymptomatic: It means a patient is a carrier of an illness but does not show symptoms.
isolation and quarantine: Isolation is to separate sick people from the healthy people, while quarantine is to restrict people’s movement for a period to see if they get sick.
N95 respirator: Though it looks like a surgical mask, an N95 is actually a respirator that filters out at least 95% of particles in the air. What’s more, it requires a 20-minute “fit test” to ensure proper fitting—and it does not provide adequate protection for people with facial hair.
physician: There’s no new word for an infectious disease doctor–infectionist is not a word. I feel a bit of glee. No new word. Just nice old physician.
cyst, sac, abscess: A cyst is a sac of a benign growth of some sort, while an abscess is a pus-filled infection in your body.
comorbidity: the simultaneous presence of two or more diseases or medical conditions in a patient.
zoombombing: unwanted, disruptive intrusion that is generally caused by internet trolls and hackers crashing a virtual meeting held on Zoom
alveoli: microscopic air sacs in the lungs
anaphylactic shock: an extreme, sometimes fatal, allergic reaction or sensitivity to a specific antigen, such as a medication, a vaccine, insect sting, or specific food
anoxia: without oxygen; synonymous with suffocation
trachea: The airway that leads from the larynx (voice box) to the bronchi (large airways that lead to the lungs)
There must be a lot more words related with pandemic, distance learning, lockdown etc. Let me know if you have learned any new word in the past 13 months or so.